TREES THAT INCREASE BIOMASS PRODUCTION

There is not a single doubt when we say that trees are the fundamental unit of life. Their presence enhances our lives in whole new level. Their elegance captures our hearts and as we all know, trees are versatile. Their whole purpose is versatile. Their use, the way they live, where they live somehow help both the living and non-living beings surrounding it. For instance, there are a whole lot of creatures like birds and other animals that find their homes amidst the branches of the tree. Even the leaves that fall can help us in a lot of ways out of which some ways may remain unexplainable. There would be a never-ending list of the advantages of trees, if someone ever decides to make a list.

There are a lot of countries that depend upon burning woods which is their only source of fuel for domestic use. This fuel is also known as biomass. Biomass is known to be one of the most efficient fuels and is used across the globe. We interviewed a local tree removal las vegas company about biomass and this is what we gathered.

WHAT IS BIOMASS?

Biomass is an industrial word for obtaining energy by the process of combustion of wood. This energy is used for different purposes such as domestic use, and even industrial purpose.

Earlier, the use of biomass was discouraged as it was found that the gases that were emitted during the combustion added to the Greenhouse gases. But later, it was found that biomass energy can be considered as a renewable energy as the lost energy can be replaced by planting more trees. And the oxygen produced cancelled out any CO2 emissions. Hence the use of biomass energy can be well supported.

SOURCES OF BIOMASS

Wood has been identified as the largest source of biomass energy. This large contribution is usually from forests as they have dead and broken branches, wood chips and even decayed tree stumps.

Lignocellulosic biomass is from which wood energy is extracted or derived. Pulp obtained from the trees, “Black liquor” is obtained from the paper industry is the largest of source of energy from wood. This black liquor is extracted from the waste products of the paperboard industries.

TREES THAT INCREASE BIOMASS PRODUCTION

As good as it is to have a whole forest to provide biomass energy, there arise problems as some people may take advantage of the situation and cut down healthy trees for their domestic use. Hence it is advisable that we increase the biomass production and keep the ecosystem in check as well.

Thanks to biotechnology, through genetic modifications, the genes of a tree can be altered to create more biomass.

It is found that the lateral buds in some trees are suppressed to growth during varying seasons like summer or winter. But some buds continue to grow and contribute to the full growth of the tree by increasing leaf area and even increasing the number of branches, thus increasing the biomass production. Hence keeping these factors in mind, researchers have found a way to increase the biomass production by modifying the gene expression levels of the trees.

Tree pruning practices to ensure balanced growth

Pruning is the selective removal of branches, some parts of a tree, or portions of the vegetation. It is essential since it allows a balanced growth of a tree and maintains its fundamental outlook.

Excess branches and twigs in a tree do more harm than good on a tree. They will compete for food as well as offer an environment for insects to hide in the closed crown of the tree. These will negatively affect production.

Despite all that, pruning needs to be done systematically to avoid killing or even causing a stunted growth to the tree. Pruning a tree if not done properly will leave the tree more damaged and in a worse situation than it was before.

Main reasons you should never remove all the branches on a tree.

  • The new branches that will grow will be weakly attached to the remaining branch ends. These can fall in the slightest wind and be a source of destruction or be a hazard.
  • Since the tree makes its food through its leaves, cutting down all the leaves, exposes the tree to starvation and risk of eventual death. The situation is different to some trees which shed leaves and stay inactive during a period.
  • The ends of cut branches are an ‘excellent’ entry point for insects and disease-causing germs in trees. Opening up all those wounds in a tree and then leave it without food is a sure way of killing the tree.
  • Trees beautify our environment as well as cleaning the air by absorbing carbon dioxide in the air.
  • It can eventually lead to unplanned deforestation – The simple actions of harming one tree at a time is what ultimately results in a bunch of destroyed trees.

Why we prune trees?

  • To enhance its natural shape and enhance its aesthetic beauty
  • Improve the branching structure of the tree for easy scaling.
  • Maintain its health by removing dead and infected branches.
  • Remove crossing branches since they rub until they form wounds on trees.
  • To remove clutter from the crown of the tree, this makes light to penetrate efficiently. The Wind can also pass through with least resistance, and this reduces incidences of branches breaking.

Necessary tools to have for a pruning exercise

  • Twist-lock telescopic handle pruning saw.
  • Retractable pruning saw.
  • A bow saw.
  • Long reach pruning saws.
  • A chainsaw – It should be used with caution and by only a person who has experience in using it.
  • Eyes protection goggles.
  • Thick ropes to tie the branches or for scaling up the tree
  • Gloves to avoid unnecessary scratches on your palms since will be in contact with the tree branches in most of the times.

Not yet ready for pruning exercise, here are some more tips,

  • A branch should be cut above its collar to enable the swollen part to help cover the resulting wound faster.
  • Pruning paints are not necessary while pruning a healthy tree unless the tree is heavily infested with insects and pests
  • Apply pruning sealer in areas of the tree where the bark has been peeled off by mistake.
  • Looking to do it yourself? Check out https://www.treetrader.com/ to buy your own equipment.